Beetroot ppt 1. UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, BANGLORE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE, HASSAN TOPIC :Production guidelines for Beetroot PRESENTED TO: DR. Nirmala. K. S. Asst. professor of Horticulture Dept.of Horticulture Agricultural college, Hassan 2 52 FUTURE PROSPECTS • Beetroot breeding programes will continue to make use of information technology derived from sugarbeet research • Banning of some synthetic food colors and the search for natural alternatives may result in programes aimed at breeding beetroot cultivars with high Betalin pigment concentration Beetroot PowerPoint PPT Presentations. All Time. Show: Recommended. Sort by: Beetroot Powder - One of the best things about beetroot or beets, as is commonly called, is that it is a low-calorie vegetable and a storehouse of essential nutrients. The good part is that natural and organic beetroot powder is available at online stores that can be.
Definition, Aim, Objectives and Scope of Plant Breeding Definition : Plant breeding can be defined as an art and science and technology of improving the genetic make up of plants in relation to their economic use for the man kind. or Plant breeding is the art and science of improving the heredity of plants for the benefit of mankind. o 01. Aims and objectives of Plant Breeding Plant breeding is an art and science, which tells us ways and means to change the genetic architecture of plants so as to attain a particular objective. Plant breeding can be accomplished through many different techniques ranging from simply selecting plants with desirabl ADVERTISEMENTS: After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. Origin and Botany of Knolkhol 2. Breeding Objectives of Knolkhol 3. Breeding Methods of Knolkhol 4. Useful Donors of Knolkhol 5. Cultivar Description of Kohlrabi 6. Varieties of Knolkhol. Origin and Botany of Knolkhol: It has been described by the writers in ancient Rome. It [
•Pre-breeding activities to facilitate utilization. •Thorough understanding of the phenotypic and genetic variability of a crop and its wild relatives, their adaptation, life forms, breeding systems, traits and biological properties supports PGR conservation activities, and is essential to realize their potential for contribution 5 Milestones in plant breeding. 6 The accomplishments of plant breeders. 7 The future of plant breeding in society. goals of plant breeding are focused and purposeful. Even though the phrase to breed plants often con-notes the involvement of the sexual process in effecting a desired change, modern plant breeding also includes th 18 breeding forage crops 87-92 19 sugar cane 93-94 20 sugar beet 95-96 21 potato 97-100 22 breeding fruit crops 100 23 breeding for insect resistance 101-102 24 breeding for disease resistance 103-106 25 breeding for abiotic stress resistance 107-109 26 breeding for quality characters 110-115 27 seed multiplication and release of Early suggestions for grouping breeding germplasms based on the degree of heterotic performance as measured by lower specific combining ability (SCA) relative to general combining ability (GCA) ratio has been advantageous because it emphasized heterotic breeding based on GCA (Reif et. al., 2005)
A sugar beet is a plant whose root contains a high concentration of sucrose and which is grown commercially for sugar production. In plant breeding it is known as the Altissima cultivar group of the common beet (Beta vulgaris). Together with other beet cultivars, such as beetroot and chard, it belongs to the subspecies Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris. Its closest wild relative is the sea beet. BUCHAREST 3-4 NOVEMBER 2016 9 DIVERSITY HAS LED TO LARGE WORLD COLLECTIONS Country Institute No of accessions % of total holdings (194,250 acc.) USA USDA -ARS PGRCU 43,104 22.2% Global ICRISAT 36,774 18.9% India NBPGR 18,853 9.7% China CAAS 18,250 9.4% Ethiopia IBC 9,772 5.0% Brazil EMBRAPA 8,017 4.1% Russia VIR 7,335 3.8% Zimbabwe NPGRC 7,009 3.6% Australia DPI 5,403 2.8 More and more data and knowledge coming from the molecular studies of heterotic loci and genes will serve as a valuable resource for hybrid breeding by molecular design in future. This review aims to address recent advances in our understanding of the genetic and molecular mechanisms of heterosis in plants An overview on the use of stability parameters in plant breeding. Biom Biostat Int J. 2015;2(5):149‒159. DOI: 10.15406/bbij.2015.02.00043 represents whether one or more parameters should be used for cultivar performance prediction, and also gives breeder the right to choose the best stability parameter(s) to fit the sense of stability.28 Shukla2 Hybridization Breeding •Introduce desirable traits from one parent to another •Selection based on morphological characteres •With aritifical intervention + = The pug and beagle have been bred to produce the 'puggle', a mixed breed with both pug and beagle traits
Objectives. To examine the popular species of companion cats. To identify the characteristics of common companion cat breeds. To understand which breeds are appropriate for different settings Breeding objectives and important traits. The general objectives of virtually all breeders of crop. plants are to increase the usable yield, increase its stability, ensure the quality and. Breeding and Biotechnology Basics • Crop breeding and domestication • Definition of what a GMO is canola, sugar beet, alfalfa) Virus resistant (papaya, squash) Why these traits? Of the total annual pest losses in crops, weeds account for 37%, insects 29%, diseases 22 The SMART way to grow sugarbeet. Classic breeding techniques were used to identify and to integrate the tolerance to ALS-inhibitors into KWS breeding programs to make CONVISO ® SMART varieties the perfect partner of the new herbicide. The sugarbeet weed control system CONVISO ® SMART is jointly being developed by KWS SAAT SE & Co. KGaA and Bayer 1. Feed a diet consisting of hay (<12% NSC) , soaked molasses-free sugar beet pulp, balanced vitamin and mineral supplement and 0.5 cup rice bran oil or corn oil twice a day. 2. The same diet with a commercial low-starch specialty feed substituted for beet pulp. 3. Feeding either of the 2 diets above with 1 pound of rice bran instead of corn.
Ornamental and forage breeding One of the immediate and obvious consequences of polyploidy in plants is an increase in cell size which in turn leads to enlarged plant organs, a phenomenon termed gigas effect (Fig 5.4) (Acquaah, 2007; Levin, 1983; Stebbins, 1971) Plant breeders can help farmers increase food production by breeding new cultivars better adapted to their chosen farming systems, but these must be capable of providing the necessary plant inputs for the required levels of crop production in 2050. Until 200 years ago the farmers themselves were the plant selectors. Plant domestications, extensive crop dispersions and farmers' selections. For example, mass selection for sucrose concentration in the beet root began in 1786 and was continued until 1830. The first beet sugar factory was erected in 1802 (Smith, 1987). Thus, planned, directed plant breeding efforts resulted in a cultivar that allowed development of a new industry 100 years before the rediscovery of Mendel's laws In this section, we describe the main uses of combining ability in plant breeding, with an emphasis on important traits. We have classified these traits into four groups: yield and yield components, nutritional values, antioxidant properties, and pest resistance, although there may be overlap between these categories
Type of poultry: meat type - Cornish Cross , or other breed Purchase disease free stock (from NPIP source,Pullorum and AI free) Plan for all-in - all-out flocks Before the birds arrive: Draft free coop or housing, cleaned and disinfected Brooder stove or heat lamp (red bulb type, if needed) set to 95oF for first week In addition to the figures and tables presented in the PPT presentations, please review the following in your textbook: Figure 4-6, parts of a seed including corn, beet; Seeds- part 1 PPT. Figure 4-13: Flower structure; Seeds - part 1 & 2 PPT Figure 4-12: Polygonum type embryo sac; Seeds - part 1 PPT . The most labor and time-taking stage in a hybrid production program exploiting the phenomenon of heterosis, is the identification of parental forms
Like all plant breeding methods, mutation breeding is also a numbers game. In the sugar beet experiment noted above, of over 3200 M2 families derived from an early bolting line treated with EMS, only 9 families exhibited the desired non-bolting trait and eventually gave rise to 5 lines with the non-bolting phenotype (Hohmann et al., 2005) Origins of plant breeding 4 Creating new varieties 6 Testing plant varieties 10 Producing seed 12 Funding plant breeding 14 Plant Breeding Matters Plant breeding is the business and science of crop improvement. It is an innovation-based sector, focused on developing plants better adapted to human needs. The demand for new varieties of agricultura Beet root Name of Variety/Hybrid Salient Features Recommended Areas iAri, new Delhi Detroit Dark Red Tops are small, leaves glossy, dark green tinged with maroon veins, roots perfectly round with deep red fleshdeepblood redwithlight zoning,tender and fine grained. Corrosive in taste when taken raw; maturity in 80-100 days. Yield 180 q/ha. All.
4 Breeding for Biotic Stress Resistance/Tolerance in Plants 61 The typical preformed, constitutive defenses are morphological, structural, and chemical barriers Centuries of selective breeding, accelerated in the later part by the use of modern breeding tools, has helped in evolving some of the most outstanding dairy breeds of cattle in western countries. These breeds maintains a very high standard with respect to milk production, age at maturity and breeding efficiency. They are given adequate feeding and good management so that they can express. Lecture 5 5 3. Shot wheat, Triticum sphaerocoecum 4. Pea, Pisum sativum 5. Lentil, Lens esculenta 6. Horse bean, Vicia faba 7. Chickpea, Cicer arientinum 8. Mung bean, Phaseolus aureus 9. Mustard, Brassica juncea 10. Flax, Linum usitatissimum (one of the centers) 11. Sesame, Sesamum indicum Fiber Plant
2016/17 price increase was the first beet farmers received since MY 2011/12. Before that time, prices were flat at EGP 275 per metric ton. Figure 2 shows sugar beet procurement prices from 2009 to the current year. Figure 2: Egyptian Procurement Price for Sugar Beets, 2009-201 A common definition is: A vegetable is a herbaceous plant, or portion of a plant, that is eaten whole or in part, raw or cooked, generally with an entree or in a salad but not as a dessert. Of course there are exceptions to this. Rhubarb and melons are both used commonly as desserts. Since vegetable is not a botanical term, some vegetables.
PBG 302 Breeding of Field and Horticultural Crops (2+1) 2 Aim Knowledge about the breeding of field and horticultural crops will be exposed to the students SYLLABUS FOR THEORY Unit I: Cereals Place of origin - putative parents - related wild species - classification - objectives of breeding - methods of breeding - quantity - Quality - stress - conventional - innovative. Breeding work is in progress worldwide to produce high yielding all male asparagus lines. The main benefit from an all-male hybrid is that it doesn't produce seed, which can later germinate and create a significant weed problem in the form of several volunteer asparagus seedlings. Asparagus spear Sugar beet, (Beta vulgaris), form of beet of the amaranth family (Amaranthaceae), cultivated as a source of sugar. Sugar beet juice contains high levels of sucrose and is second only to sugarcane as the major source of the world's sugar. For information on the processing of beet sugar and the history of its use, see the article sugar. The sugar beet was grown as a garden vegetable and for.
Breeding animals should be vaccinated with a 5-way lepto vaccine once a year before the breeding season. Leptospirosis vaccine is often combined with vibriosis vaccine. Mannheimia haemolytica. A bacterium causing shipping fever pneumonia, often after infection with one of the respiratory viruses such as IBR, PI3, BRSV, or BVDV The product is formulated as an oil dispersion (OD) mix and is registered with a maximum application rate of 1L/ha per season. The herbicide will be applied as a single dose timed at two to four true leaves stage of weed growth. Bred specifically to be used in the CONVISO SMART weed control system for sugar beet, SMART JANNINKA KWS is the first.
Tropical beet - Adoption in Indian cane region Adapted to the tropical climate Tolerant to specific tropical diseases. Short rotation. High salinity tolerance 2 cropping cycles/year Increased soil integrity Prolonged factory supply Low water requirement. Breeding progress. What is a tropical beet Together with potato, millet, sorghum, soybean,sugarcane and sugar beet, they supply 75% of the world's energy needs (FAO, 2010). Introduction and Background• The lack of diversity in diets is linked to malnutrition caused by a deficiency of micronutrients Figure 1 .Figure 2 .Figure 3 .123Diversity among accessions of Corchorus olitorius Plate 1
Slide 3 IPR in plant breeding ± two systems Plant Breeders Rights (PBR, UPOV convention 1961,.., 1991) B Protection of varieties conforming to DUS B Distinctness, Uniformity, Stability B What is protected is fixed (commercial use of the variety, e.g. seed multiplication) B Protection max. 25 years or 30 years B Farmers ¶S ULYLOHJH B µ%UHHGHUV¶H [HPSWLRQ¶ R QHF DQIUHHO\F URVVZ LWKWK HV 'Blue Book': Safety considerations 'Blue Book': Safety considerations Use existing data on environmental and human health effects of living organisms to guide risk assessments Risk/safety assessment framework Case-by-case Step-by-step Further discussions step-by-step: safe way for GM plant development case-by-case: yes, but there is a. Breeding and selection of new cultivars have allowed for a greater adaptability to less favourable growing conditions than was possible in the past, but the inherent climatic requirements of a specific kind of vegetable have not changed materially. The 15 - 18 5 24 Beetroot, Broad bean, Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, Cabbage, Horseradish. 1. Accelerated breeding methods and tools for the breeding of improved varieties. 2. Guidelines, technologies, diagnostic tools, and business models for improving seed systems. 3. Guidelines and technologies for sustainable intensification of production. 4. Models and tools for nutrition and behavior change. 5
breeding. In the longer term, cost of the effective sources nutritionally important poly unsaturated omega-3 fatty acids may also be available by breeding. Main starch crops in Europe to be used for bioethanol production are in the first place corn (maize), moreover potato and sugar beet. The main breeding aim recently i Index Lecture Name Page No 1 Introduction to seed and seed quality 5-8 2 History and Development of Vegetable Seed Industry in India 9-15 3 Scope for vegetable seed production in India 16-22 4 Principles and practices of vegetable seed production 23-27 5 Factors affecting quality seed production 28-39 6 Varietal and hybrids seed production in solanaceous vegetables 40-6 View 24.4 bio.ppt from BIO 1121 at University of the People. Lesson Overview Plants and Humans 24.4 Plants and Humans Lesson Overview Plants and Humans Wednesday 15/4/2020 Grade 11 / A Biology ( Be prepared to thin your seedlings, which means pulling out a few plants as you go down the row to make sure your crop is spaced evenly. For example, you'll want to make sure your beet seedlings are a rough 2-4 inches apart so that each plant has room to make an average-sized beet. Crowded plants compete for light, water, and nutrients
Another method of plant breeding is called mutation breeding, or mutagenesis. This is the process of exposing seeds to chemicals or radiation in order to promote DNA mutations to maximize genetic diversity in an effort to create new traits in plants. 5 In biology, a mutation is a permanent alteration in the DNA sequence traits. Because of the rich nutritional contents in the leaves of fodder beet and edible beet, the planting and breeding of sugar beet have reached a peak in Europe and the United States [5,6,7]. The nutritional value receives significant consideration during the breeding and production of different varieties of sugar beet[8,9] Ø These parenchyma cells get filled with the reserve food material (starch) and thus they functions as the storage tissue. Ø In later cases, the large vessels develop tyloses. Ø The pericycle develops into cork cambium which produces the periderm. Ø Thus the anomalous secondary growth of the storage roots of sweet potato is best suited for. Aristolochia (Family: Aristolochiaceae) is a climber and the pattern of secondary thickening in the stem of Aristolochia helps its twining habitat. In Aristolochia, the cambium is normal but showing abnormal activity. During the secondary growth, the normal cambial ring is formed by the fusion of fascicular and inter-fascicular cambium Other plants producing sucrose are: sugar beet, sugar maple, sorghum and a few palms. Cane and beet sugar are indistinguishable in terms of composition and quality, and thus serve to supplement each other. In other words, the source of the crop is of little importance as long as the final product is near pure sucrose
type, and most of the diversity existing nowadays comes from breeding programs or cultivars from different countries . Brassica juncea (AABB, 2 n = 4 x = 36) is also used as a vegetable, wit Sugar beet pulp can deliver energy and fibre - and be used as a mineral carrier. Cows calve easier and so the process can be preferred in beef breeding or with low calving ease bulls If breeding dates are not recorded, each sow should be carefully observed daily during obvious late pregnancy for enlarged abdomen area, swollen vulva, and filled teats as basis for estimating the farrowing date. Presence of milk usually indicates that farrowing will occur within 24 hours Google Photos is the home for all your photos and videos, automatically organized and easy to share The bull should enter the breeding season with a body condition score of 5.5 to 6.5 (9 point scale). This body condition provides the bull adequate body reserves to draw upon during the defined breeding season. Nutrition During the Breeding Season. The nutritional environment during this period is almost always the same as the cow herd Long day plants 2. Short day plants 3. Day neutral plants 4. Intermediate day plants 1. Long Day Plant : Plants that begin forming flower buds when the days are longer than their critical day length ( >12 or 14 hr). Eg Almost all of summer flowering plants, beet, radish, lettuce, spinach, potato, wheat, barley, wheat & oat. 2