Liver PDF

the Liver 2.1 Anatomy The liver is the largest organ of the human body (Figure 2.1), weighs approxi-mately 1500 g, and is located in the upper right corner of the abdomen. The organ is closely associated with the small intestine, processing the nutrient-enriched ve-nous blood that leaves the digestive tract. The liver performs over 500 metaboli Liver - Introduction . Figure 2. Artifact showing impression of tissue cassette on natural surfaces of liver. The impression is more prominent on the top surface, while a more subtle effect is present on the bottom surface. Figure 3. Postmortem-occurring cytoplasmic vacuoles containing eosinophilic protein materia Normal Liver Anatomy. Important! Dual blood supply. Blood exits through the hepatic veins and dumps into the IVC. The vascular supply is important for anatomy, because that's how surgeons decide to resect parts of the liver. They divide up the segments of the liver:\r1 = caudate\r2-4 = left lobe \r5-8 = right lobe\ The liver also stores vitamins E and K. Iron is stored in the liver as ferritin, an iron-protein complex and is released when needed for red blood cell production. Finally, the liver has immunologic functions as the liver contain cells involved in adaptive and innate immunity. Keywords: Liver, Physiology, Functions, Lobule, Hepatocytes Normal liver anatomy Lena Sibulesky, M.D. The normal color of the liver is brown and the external surface is smooth (Fig. 1). The liver is about 2% of body weight in the adult, which amounts to approximately 1400 g in females and 1800 g in males. The liver receives its blood supply from two sources: 80% is delivered by the porta

• Liver failure-Failure of the liver to perform its biosynthetic functions. • Fulminant hepatic failure- coagulopathy (elevated protime) with encephalopathy without a previous history of chronic liver disease • Cirrhosis: fibrosis of the liver with regenerative nodules - Cirrhosis is typically a sequelae of chronic hepatitis A liver biopsy is a simple procedure where a doctor places a needle through your skin into the liver to get some cells. The cells are then sent to the lab to be looked at under a microscope. What are the symptoms of NAFLD? Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease can be considered a silent disease in which the person may not notice any symptoms The liver aids greatly in the maintenance of metabolic homeostasis by processing dietary amino acids, carbohy- drates, lipids, and vitamins; metabolizing cholesterol an The liver is located in the upper right-hand portion of the abdominal cavity, beneath the diaphragm, and on top of the stomach, right kidney, and intestines. Shaped like a cone, the liver is a dark reddish-brown organ that weighs about 3 pounds. There are 2 distinct sources that supply blood to the.

The liver also produces bile, a fluid that helps digest fats and carry away waste. The liver consists of four lobes, which are each made up of eight sections and thousands of lobules (or small lobes). Functions of the Liver. The liver is an essential organ of the body that performs over 500 vital functions CHAPTER 36. LIVER FUNCTION A. Background: Read over gross, microscopic & ultrastructure of the liver and be familiar with terminology. B. Biochemical functions of the liver 1. Hepatic excretory function - removal of organic compounds both endogenous and exogenous via metabolism followed by excretion through bile duct. a The liver is designed to maintain body's chemical and metabolic homeostasis. Image modified from Rohen and Yokochi, Color Atlas of Anatomy, Igaku-Shoin, 1988. Modified image produced based on Clemente, Anatomy, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1987. Parenchymal Microcirculation

liver becomes severely damaged, a transplant may be necessary. • Autoimmune hepatitis - This is a condition in which the body attacks the liver, causing the liver to become infl amed and scarred (hepatitis). If diagnosed and treated early, autoimmune hepatitis can usually be effectively controlled. Treatment typically includes a combination o Alcoholic liver disease is defined by three stages of liver damage following chronic heavy alcohol consumption: fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis, and fibrosis/cirrhosis (Figure 5). However, the assumption that alcoholic liver disease always progresses linearly from alcoholic fatty liver, to alcoholic hepatitis and ultimately to cirrhosis i The Amazing Liver And Gallbladder Flush By Andreas Moritz.pdf. Download. 17.07.2017 The Amazing Liver And Gallbladder Flush By Andreas Moritz Excerpted from the book The Amazing Liver And Gallbladder Flush By Andreas Moritz , chapter 4 The Amazing Liver & Gallbladder Flush: A Powerful Do-It-Yourself Tool To Optimize Your Health and Wellbeing. of fat in the liver, called fatty liver disease, may lead to cirrhosis. Fatty liver disease may develop in people who are ov erweight and those with diabetes. Some people inherit genes for certain conditions that cause liver disease, such as genes that will cause iron buildup in the liver. In other diseases, bile collects in the liver and cause Cirrhosis of the Liver Information Sheet (continued) A liver biopsy will confirm the diagnosis. For a biopsy, the doctor uses a needle to take a tiny sample of liver tissue, then examines it under the microscope for scarring or other signs of disease. P If Treatment Liver damage from cirrhosis cannot be reversed, but treatment can stop or dela

cirrhosis is advanced, there aren't enough healthy liver cells to make good substances, such as albumin (a protein) and clotting factors that the liver normally makes. Another complication is Liver cancer, called hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This cancer can occur if some of the sick liver cells start to multiply out of control Some liver cancers can be found by testing people at high risk who don't have symptoms (screening), but most liver cancers are found because they are causing symptoms. If you have possible signs or symptoms of liver cancer, see your doctor, who will examine you and may order some tests Stir in the tomatoes, then simmer for 8-10 minutes. Using the back of a large spoon, make 4 dips in the sauce, then crack an egg into each one. Put a lid on the pan, then cook over a low heat for 6-8 mins, until the eggs are done to your liking. Scatter with the coriander leaves and serve with bread. View 7 Day Fatty Liver Diet Plan PDF

Escalating liver injury can lead to fibrosis and, ultimately, to cirrhosis. Increased understanding of the mechanisms of liver injury has led to innovative treatments for alcoholic liver disease, including the use of corticosteroids, antioxidants, antibiotics, and certain polyunsaturated fats The American Liver Foundation is the principal source of print materials and online resources on liver disease. Explore our brochures and handouts

The liver is the largest solid organ in the human body. It performs 500 essential tasks, including detoxification, protein synthesis, and the production of digestive chemicals. As long as 25. Liver cell adenoma is a tumor that doesn't have cancer. It's uncommon, but women who take birth control pills for a long time are more prone than other people to develop it. There's a small.

2 Gross Anatomy q The Liver is the largest gland in the body ( weighing about 1.5 Kg in adults; representing 2% of the TBW) q It is essential to life. q It is situated in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen. q It is is covered by Glisson's capsule , a visceral continuation of the peritoneum • The liver plays an essential role in supplying energy (in the form of glucose) to the body while you are not eating overnight. • When you have liver disease this becomes harder to do - this means the liver needs a regular supply of energy from our food, as it cannot rely on stored energy. Thi Lymphatic drainage of the liver • Liver produce large amount of lymph~ one third - one half of total body lymph • Lymph leave the liver and enters several lymph nod in porta hepatis efferent vessels pass to celiac nods • A few vessels pass from the bare area of the liver through the diaphragm to the posterior Mediastinal lymph nodes The liver is a powerhouse of an organ. It performs a variety of essential tasks, ranging from producing proteins, cholesterol and bile to storing vitamins, minerals, and even carbohydrates

Normal liver anatomy - AASL

Comparative liver macroanatomy •Human - Lobes: Right, left, caudate, quadrate - Majority of liver on R side cranial abdomen - Subdivided into 9 discrete units based on vasculoductular supply - important in surgery • Rodent - Lobes: Right, left, median, caudate - More evenly spaced across cranial abdomen - Rats lack gallbladde interactive_anatomy_liver 3/7 Interactive Anatomy Liver the subject with ease. Drawing on an unparalleled library of state-of-the-art specialist anatomical illustrations, The Human Body Coloring Book is structured system by system for ease of use, with comprehensive coverage of the human bod When something causes injury to the liver, liver cells are killed and scar tissue forms (fibrosis). When the entire liver is scarred, the liver becomes stiff and shrunken. This is called cirrhosis. Cirrhosis changes the way blood can flow through the vessels in the liver and can cause high pressure in those blood vessels (portal hypertension)

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Video: Liver: Anatomy and Functions Johns Hopkins Medicin

the liver, it can lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer. 3 _____American Cancer Society cancer.org | 1.800.227.2345 Heavy alcohol use Alcohol abuse is a leading cause of cirrhosis in the US, which in turn is linked with an increased risk of liver cancer. Tobacco use Smoking increases the risk of liver cancer.. organ_by_liver 2/6 Organ By Liver [EPUB] Organ By Liver Liver Pathophysiology-Pablo Muriel 2017-03-02 Liver Pathophysiology: Therapies and Antioxidants is a complete volume on morphology, physiology, biochemistry, molecular biology and treatment of liver diseases. It uses an integral approach towards the role of free radicals in the. Title: Anatomy Liver | online.kwc.edu Author: S Ashworth - 2003 - online.kwc.edu Subject: Download Anatomy Liver - Keywords: Download Books Anatomy Liver , Download Books Anatomy Liver Online , Download Books Anatomy Liver Pdf , Download Books Anatomy Liver For Free , Books Anatomy Liver To Read , Read Online Anatomy Liver Books , Free Ebook Anatomy Liver Download , Ebooks Anatomy Liver Free. Liver function tests (LFT) are a helpful screening tool, which are an effective modality to detect hepatic dysfunction. Since the liver performs a variety of functions so no single test is sufficient to provide complete estimate of function of liver

Vitamins And Liver Disease and Hepatitis Vitamins They are essential to human development, growth, and functioning. Normally, the required amount is supplied by eating a well-rounded diet. Vitamins must pass through the liver to be metabolized. If taken to excess, any vitamin has the potential to cause serious health problems brain, lung, kidneys, gut, and liver. Of all the various tissues, liver and small intestine contribute to the maximum extent to the overall metabolism and elimination of drugs. Among all the CYP450 enzymes in human liver, CYP3A4 is the most abundant, fol-lowed by CYP2E1 and CYP2C9, representing approximately 22.1%, 15.3%, an liver cells and proteins produced by the liver and released into the blood can be used to analyze liver health. Standard liver tests (Tables 1 and 2) that assess injury to the liver include alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspar-tate aminotransferase (AST), and alkaline phosphatases (APs). The excretory function of the liver can be esti Pre-Op Liver Shrinking Diet Your surgeon has recommended that you follow a low sugar, reduced calorie diet for the fourteen (14) days prior to your surgery. This diet has been shown to help shrink the liver making weight loss surgery safer and easier. Please follow the attached diet and additional recommendations below

3/1/2021 2 Outline • Get to know the liver! • Look at the liver labs in detail: ALT/AST, bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, GGT, PT/INR, albumin • An organized way to evaluate the patient Let's get to know the Liver Job Descriptio Liver Disease available on AASLD's COVID-19 resource page . 3 Overview and Rationale Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the illness caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, has impacted every aspect of life and health care in 2020-2021 and for the foreseeable future. Patients with chronic liver disease includin AST: Liver, cardiac muscle, skeletal muscle, kidneys, brain, pancreas, lungs, leucocytes, and RBC - (Normal serumlevel) ALT: Liver - (Normal serum level) Liver cell damage -increased permeability -increase serumlevels BUT poor correlation b/w liver cell damage and level of ASTandALT Up to 300 U/L-non specific/any type of liver disorde liver enzyme levels, or when hepatic steatosis is noted on imaging (e.g., ultrasonography) Hepatic steatosis* Excessive fat accumulation in the liver Intracellular fat in more than 5% of hepatocyte

The Liver and Its Functions Center for Liver Disease

  1. This PDF guide will help to ease your liver discomfort and the other health issues that it causes. It's a system which is one hundred percent natural so it will be safe and gentle on your body. When you order this program, which retails for the low price of 37 bucks, you'll access the main program, as well as a free bonus, which is updates.
  2. [PDF] Anatomy Liver Lobule anatomy liver lobule Liver acinus. The focus of this description is the perfusion, metabolism and pathology of hepatocytes, providing a more accurate description of the physiology of the liver. A liver acinus functional unit is in the shape of an oval. The short axis is represented by a shared border between two.
  3. HELPLINE 1-800-465-4837 Mon-Fri 9am - 5pm EST. MENU MENU. About Your Liver. How Your Liver Works; Your Liver & COVID-1
  4. View liver.pdf from BS MEDICAL 203 at St. Paul University Philippines. C H A P T E R 2 4 LIVER AND PORTAL VENOUS SYSTEM Nasim T. Babazadeh, M.D., and Edie Y. Chan, M.D. 1. W \u0007 hich of the followin
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5 Liver Transplant Evaluation •Evaluation workup: •Routine testing is performed per US preventive task force guidelines •Mammogram or bilateral breast ultrasound •Every two years on all female patients age 40-49 •Annually on all female patients age 50 or greater •PAP Smear •Every 3 years on all female patients ages 21 to 29 •Every five years for female patients ages 30-6 and liver failure is considered minimal. NASH Presence of 5% HS with inflammation and hepatocyte injury (ballooning) with or without fibrosis. This can pro-gress to cirrhosis, liver failure, and rarely liver cancer. NASH cirrhosis Presence of cirrhosis with current or previous histological evidence of steatosis or SH Cryptogenic cirrhosi

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Cirrhosis of the liver Sclerosing cholangitis. Liver transplant candidate Liver transplant . Other liver conditions: Hepatitis C. Primary biliary cirrhosis Other diagnosis #1: NOTE: €Determination of these conditions requires documentation by appropriate serologic testing, abnormal liver function tests, and/or abnormal liver biopsy or imaging. Download Gut And Liver full book in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format, get it for read on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Gut And Liver full free pdf book

This is the PDF eBook version for Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease - Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, Management 2 Volume Set 10th Edition by Mark Feldman, Lawrence S. Friedman, Lawrence J. Brandt Download Gut And The Liver full book in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format, get it for read on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Gut And The Liver full free pdf book Evaluation for Liver PRACTICE GUIDELINE Transplantation in Adults: 2013 Practice Guideline by the AASLD and the American Society of Transplantation Paul Martin Andrea DiMartini or print using your PDF viewer. Menu hyperlinks allow movement between sections and to the guidelines on the AASLD site fatal liver injury in some patients - unpredictable, scary 2. Although rare, DILI may result in disapproval of a new drug or its removal from the market - very costly 3. It is a troublesome.

7 Day Fatty Liver Diet Meal Plan (PDF & Menu) - Medmunc

NAFLD is the build-up of fat in the liver in people who drink little or no alcohol. There are 2 types of NAFLD: Isolated Fatty Liver - does not progress to liver disease • Non-Alcoholic SteatoHepatitis (NASH) in which there is fat, inflammation and damage to liver cells. NASH can progress to cirrhosis (hardening and scarring of the liver) liver disease, precise documentation of the disorder can be delayed, which can lead to a subsequent delay in the initiation of effective therapies. Liver transplantation is a reality for pediatric patients who have severe or end-stage liver dis-ease, and other therapies also are now available for treating many liver diseases. The estimated. Fatty liver disease is the abnormal accumulation of fat in liver cells. It can result from heavy alcohol use or other sources of liver injury. Fatty liver disease in people who don't drink alcohol, called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), is the most common cause of long-term liver disease in the US. The exact reasons are unknown, but.

Brochures and Handouts About Liver Disease - American

Alcoholic fatty liver disease is due to heavy alcohol use. Your liver breaks down most of the alcohol you drink, so it can be removed from your body. But the process of breaking it down can generate harmful substances. These substances can damage liver cells, promote inflammation, and weaken your body's natural defenses Download Liver Biopsy full book in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format, get it for read on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Liver Biopsy full free pdf book

The liver: Structure, function, and diseas

severe, leading to a particularly serious variety of acute liver failure for which no effective therapy has yet been developed. These Clinical Practice Guidelines summarize the available evi-dence on risk factors, diagnosis, management and risk mini-mization strategies for drug-induced liver jury. 2019 European Association for the Study of the. Liver fibrosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide due to chronic viral hepatitis and, more recently, from fatty liver disease associated with obesity. Hepatic stellate cell activation represents a critical event in fibrosis because these cells become the primary source of extracel

Liver Disease: Types of Liver Problems & Their Cause

Liver pain is often described as a dull, throbbing sensation in the upper right abdomen. It can also feel like a stabbing sensation. You may also experience fatigue, ankle or leg swelling, and. Chronic liver inflammation leads to fibrosis and cirrhosis, which is the 12th leading cause of death in the United States. Hepatocyte steatosis is a component of metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance. Hepatic steatosis may be benign or progress to hepatocyte injury and the initiation of inflamma

11 Foods That Are Good for Your Liver - Healthlin

Liver Detox Drink. Dilute cranberry juice with a ratio of 3 parts water to 1 part cranberry juice. Add 1/4 teaspoon each of nutmeg and ginger and a 1/2 teaspoon of cinnamon into a tea infuser and let steep in simmering water for 20 minutes. Allow to cool to room temperature The liver. The liver is your largest internal organ. About the size of a football, it's located mainly in the upper right portion of your abdomen, beneath the diaphragm and above your stomach. Most people don't have signs and symptoms in the early stages of primary liver cancer. When signs and symptoms do appear, they may include: Losing weight. Alcoholic liver disease. Alcoholic fatty liver is the accumulation of fat in the liver as a result of heavy drinking. (Moderate drinking is defined as one drink a day for women and up to two drinks per day for men.) About 5% of people in the U.S. have this form of liver disease The liver, located in the right upper quadrant of the body and below the diaphragm is responsible for several functions including primary detoxification of various metabolites, synthesizing proteins, and producing digestive enzymes. The liver also has a significant role in metabolism, regulation of red blood cells (RBCs) and glucose synthesis and storage Liver problems can also be caused by a variety of factors that damage the liver, such as viruses, alcohol use and obesity. Over time, conditions that damage the liver can lead to scarring (cirrhosis), which can lead to liver failure, a life-threatening condition. But early treatment may give the liver time to heal

Standard Liver Tests - AASL

of liver fat measured with 1H-MRS, serum ALT only explains 17% to 19% of its variation.25 In the latter study, S-ALT was normal in 69% of those who had increased liver fat).20 Similarly, in the Dallas Heart Study, 79% of the subjects with a fatty liver (liver fat content 5.6%) had normal serum ALT.26 This implies that a normal S-ALT does not. Liver failure, also called end-stage liver disease, happens when the liver stops working. The only treatment for liver failure is a liver transplant. Other Complications. Your doctor may treat other complications through changes in medicines, diet, or physical activity. Your doctor may also recommend surgery

sleisenger and fordtrans gastrointestinal and liver disease pathophysiology diagnosis management vol 1 Oct 18, 2020 Posted By Denise Robins Library TEXT ID a1020e12d Online PDF Ebook Epub Library gastrointestinal disease pathophysiology diagnosis sleisenger and fordtrans gastrointestinal and liver disease pathophysiolog of abnormal AAT in the liver. The abnormal AAT protein is made in the liver of people with ZZ genes and 80-90% of this protein is kept (or gets stuck) in the liver. If the liver is not able to break down this abnormal protein, the build-up of the abnormal protein over time leads to liver damage. How Common Is Liver Diseas Figure 2-12A Mild fatty infiltration of the liver. A lon-gitudinal image showing generalized increased echogenici-ty of the liver.Note that the diaphragm (black arrow) and section of an intrahepatic vessel (white arrow) are well visualized.Right kidney (RK) is posterior to the liver. 65583_CH02_5378.qxd 7/27/09 3:03 PM Page 3

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The liver is located in the right upper quadrant of the abdominal cavity, in contact with the right rib cage just below the diaphragm. It is the largest internal organ as well as the largest gland in the body. The liver is a soft, reddish brown, pyramidal organ and weighs about 1.5 kg. sickleA Liver-healthy Shopping Guide The liver is the world's most efficient battery. It helps power your body by storing and releasing energy when you need it. Your liver plays a key role in converting food into the chemicals essential for life and it is therefore important to make food choices that optimize liver health Liver structure and function pdf PDF | The liver is an organ consisting of the largest reticulo-endothelial cell ( ) Structure and function of sinusoidal lining cells in the liver. PDF | ABSTRACT In this paper the functions of the liver was summarized which includes firstly, primary structures found in a liver lobule •Albumin is the major protein synthesized in liver, thus can be use to assess hepatic function, •Estimation of Pre-albumin is a better assessment of liver function, •In some diseases of the liver, hepatocytes are unable to synthesize albumin, thus plasma albumin level drops, •Half-life of albumin is 12 to 18 days, thus, sever

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Diseases of the Liver — American Liver Foundatio

After: Northup PG et al. Hypercoagulation and Thrombophilia in liver disease. J Thrombosis & Haemostasis 2007;6: 2-9 Assessment of the Bleeding Risk in Chronic Liver Disease It is generally accepted that there is a causal relationship between abnormal hemostasis as a result of end stage liver disease and bleeding. However, it i Elevated liver enzymes usually have no signs or symptoms on their own. The doctor may check for elevated liver enzymes in patients who might have hepatitis. The symptoms of hepatitis include: Jaundice (a yellowing of the skin, whites of the eyes, and mucous membranes caused by liver problems). Pain or swelling in the abdomen. Nausea and vomiting in 20 12. 1 This rising burden of liver disease is mainly a reflec-tion of the three the most common causes: alcohol-related liver disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and viral hepatitis, although autoimmune liver disease is also a significant contrib-utor.4 The burden of liver disease in children differs from tha December 30, 2014 Case Report • • vol. • -16 CASE STUDY OF PATIENT WITH LIVER CIRRHOSIS Muhammad Rashad, Zubair Ahmad, Hassan Ali , shanulqadir , Muhammad umair Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sargodha. chaudharyrashad42@gmail.com Abstract Liver cirrhosis is a disease in which normal tissue of liver replaced with scar tissue, liver.

liver.pdf - C H A P T E R 2 4 LIVER AND PORTAL VENOUS ..

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tential living liver donors.12,13 The reported prevalence of NAFLD when defined by liver ultrasound ranged between 17% and 46% depending on the population studied.4 In a study consisting of nearly 400 middle aged individuals, the prevalence of NAFLD defined by ultrasonography was 46% and the prevalence of histologically confirmed NAS for your liver while you are trying to flush TOXIC WASTE out of your liver. So please do your best to stay away from fatty and greasy junk food that congests your blood and liver, fast food, like dairy and animal foods, stay away from alcohol which overloads your liver, and consume more fresh fruit, vegetables and whole grains liver disease. in contrast, for cholestatic results the initial emphasis is usually on hepatic imaging with ultrasound. Case study 1 A woman, 35 years of age, complained of abdominal pain and dark urine. She was clinically mildly jaundiced. Her liver function tests were as follows

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Title: Anatomy Of Goat Liver | mobile.kwc.edu Author: Yan Bai - 2001 - mobile.kwc.edu Subject: Download Anatomy Of Goat Liver - Keywords: Download Books Anatomy Of Goat Liver , Download Books Anatomy Of Goat Liver Online , Download Books Anatomy Of Goat Liver Pdf , Download Books Anatomy Of Goat Liver For Free , Books Anatomy Of Goat Liver To Read , Read Online Anatomy Of Goat Liver Books. liver function, reduces complications and prolongs survival in cirrhotics and is therefore recommended. A 2.4 Grade: Grade of recommendation; Number: refers to statement number within the text. Summary of statements: Transplantation and surgery Subject Recommendations Grade55 Number General Use simple bedside methods such as the Subjectiv The liver is the largest internal organ in the body, receiving 25% to 30% of the cardiac output.Ithasadualbloodsupply.Thehepaticarteryprovides25%andtheportalvein provides 75% of the blood supply. Each vessel provides 50% of oxygen delivery. In liver transplantation (LT), adequate flow through the hepatic artery is essential fo infection. Elevations in liver enzymes (ALT, AST, and GGT) occurred in 10% of patients and were more commonly observed in the XR-NTX group than in the placebo group. There was a mean increase in XR-NTX group from baseline in ALT of 61 IU/L and AST 40 IU/L (with increases of 48 IU/L and 31 IU/L respectively in placebo group); however